Conducting systematic reviews of prediction model studies
TRIPOD stands for Transparent Reporting of a multivariable prediction model for Individual Prognosis Or Diagnosis. Besides the guidelines for authors and reviewers, TRIPOD encompasses various initiatives developed by the TRIPOD Group to alleviate the problems arising from inadequate reporting of prediction modeling studies in biomedical sciences.
Our aim was to design a checklist for critical Appraisal and data extraction for systematic Reviews of prediction Model Studies (CHARMS). The checklist is designed to help form a review question for and appraisal of all types of primary prediction model studies, including, regressions, neural network, genetic programming, and vector machine learning models.
PRISMA is an evidence-based minimum set of items for reporting in systematic reviews and meta-analyses. PRISMA focuses on the reporting of reviews evaluating randomized trials, but can also be used as a basis for reporting systematic reviews of other types of research, particularly evaluations of interventions.
The PROGnosis RESearch Strategy (PROGRESS) Partnership is a UK Medical Research Council (MRC) funded, international, interdisciplinary collaboration developing understanding in research into quality of care outcomes, prognostic factors, risk prediction models, and predictors of differential treatment response.
The EQUATOR (Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research) Network is an international initiative that seeks to improve the reliability and value of published health research literature by promoting transparent and accurate reporting and wider use of robust reporting guidelines.
Cochrane Prognosis Methods Group
Cochrane Prognosis (Prognosis Methods Group - PMG) comprises individuals who are involved or interested in the conduct of systematic reviews of prognosis. Our role is to offer advice to review authors who would like to incorporate prognosis information into their therapeutic or diagnostic reviews and to establish appropriate and high quality methods for undertaking systematic reviews and meta-analyses of prognosis studies.
QUADAS-2 is the current version of QUADAS and the tool that we recommend for use in systematic reviews to evaluate the risk of bias and applicability of primary diagnostic accuracy studies. QUADAS-2, consists of four key domains: patient selection, index test, reference standard, flow and timing.
Despite the availability of high-quality guidelines and advanced pain management techniques acute postoperative pain management is still far from being satisfactory. The QUIPS (Quality Improvement in Postoperative Pain Management) project aims to improve treatment quality by means of standardised data acquisition, analysis of quality and process indicators, and feedback and benchmarking.
ROBIS is a new tool for assessing the risk of bias in systematic reviews (rather than in primary studies). Here you can find the tool itself, information to help you complete a ROBIS assessment, and resources to help you present the results of your ROBIS assessment.